England Landlord Guidance

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3.1 Types of Tenancies

A tenancy is a contract on mutually agreed terms between a landlord and a tenant. Landlords or prospective landlords should understand the various types of tenancies, which have different rights and obligations.

A tenancy is granted between a landlord who is commonly the owner of the property (but doesn’t have to be the freehold owner) and a tenant. The tenant will normally be the person wishing to occupy the property as their home. However, a tenancy can exist between a company or a person without the need for occupation as a home.

Once a tenancy has been granted which gives a person the right to occupy the property as their only or principal home, the tenant will have the right to exclude all persons including the landlord.

Where an agent draws up a tenancy agreement on behalf of a landlord, the agent can sign the tenancy on behalf of the landlord.