Payment before the day is voluntary and a payment of a sum in gross, and no satisfaction at law of the rent. [Clun’s Case (1613) 10 Co.Rep. 127b; Cromwell v Andrews (1583) cro.Eliz. 15.]  Thus the landlord was entitled at law for forfeit for non-payment of rent on the rent day, even though the rent had been paid before that day. [Cromwell v Andrews, ante.]  However, a payment in advance of the rent day provides a good equitable defence to any action for the rent

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