- Section 21 Notices – Brief Overview
- The word “on”, “at” or “after” in a section 21(4)(a) notice
- Service of Section 21 before or beginning of a tenancy
- No calendar date required in section 21(4)(a) notice
- How long does Section 21 notice last?
- Covering Letter with Notice
- Unlicensed HMO and Service of a Section 21 Notice
- Does a section 21 notice need to be signed?
- Prescribed Information (How To Rent Guide) To Be provided
- New Prescribed Section 21 Form
- Tenancy Deposits and Serving a Section 21 Notice
- How the Homeless Reduction Act 2017 Aims to Help Landlords
Believe it or not, there has been a couple of cases that have reached the court of appeal deciding whether when drafting a section 21(4)(a) notice (the 2 months notice served during a periodic tenancy) the words “on”, “at” or “after” should be used when referring to the expiry date.
The word “after”
Section 21(4)(a) Housing Act 1988 reads:
(4) Without prejudice to any such right as is referred to in subsection (1) above, a court shall make an order for possession of a dwelling-house let on an assured shorthold tenancy which is a periodic tenancy if the court is satisfied—
(a) that the landlord or, in the case of joint landlords, at least one of them has given to the tenant a notice in writing stating that, after a date specified in the notice, being the last day of a period of the tenancy and not earlier than two months after the date the notice was given, possession of the dwelling-house is required by virtue of this section;
Clearly the statue requires the word “after”. This was confirmed in Fernandez v McDonald  EWCA Civ 1219.
“.. the statute requires the notice to specify a date which is the last date of the period. The statute does not require the landlord to specify a date on which he requires possession. This is not a notice to quit. The landlord will not get possession without the tenants consent unless he goes to court. That is why the statute requires the landlord to state that possession is required after a date specified in the notice, being the last day of a period of the tenancy. This is not a case where the legislation permits a form to be substantially to the same effect…” [Hale LJ at paras 22 & 23]
The word “at”